While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?”
They said to Him, “The Son of David.”
43 He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:
44 ‘The LORD said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”’?
45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” 46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore. — Matthew 22:41-46.
Jesus takes the initiative in the questioning and asks the Pharisees what they think about the Christ and whose Son He is. They reply that He is the ‘Son of David’. Jesus proves to them from the Scripture (Psalm 110) that therefore Christ is also the Lord. The Bible, always inspired by the Holy Spirit, says He is David’s Lord as well as in the line of David’s descendants.
The religious leaders know that they have met their match and ask Him no further questions. They cannot catch Him out. Rather, Jesus has shown them to be sinful and in error. Jesus’ answers were so complicated, that they were beyond their comprehension. Instead of them trapping Jesus, He trapped them at every question.
Note: “What do you think about the Christ?” (v.42). — The Pharisees had tested Jesus; now Jesus tests them. He focuses on the crucial issue — the identity of the Messiah (Christ) — and His quotation from Psalm 110 shows that the common view of the Messiah was too limited. The Jews of Jesus’ day were not expecting a divine incarnation but a divine empowering like the Judges. Jesus used Psalm 110 (v.44) to show the human lineage and divine lineage of the Messiah.
The Hebrew text of Psalm 110:1 was a play on the term YHWH (LORD) and Adonai (Lord). The first would represent the God of Israel; the second would refer to the Messiah. Jesus is declaring His deity.